U.S. Politics

10 things you need to know today: October 3, 2016

Sara D. Davis/Getty Images

THE WEEK

1. Giuliani says Trump’s tax leak shows his ‘genius’
Some of Donald Trump’s leading supporters pushed back on Sundayagainst a New York Times report saying he declared a $916 million loss on his 1995 tax returns that might have let him avoid paying federal income taxes for up to 18 years. Former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani said the Republican presidential nominee had merely made a “perfectly legal application of the tax code,” something only a “fool” would have passed up. “He’s a genius — absolute genius,” Giuliani said on ABC’s This Week. The news capped a tough week in which Trump delivered a widely panned debate performance and doubled down on calling a former Miss Universe fat as he slipped in polls.

Source: The Washington Post, The New York Times

2. Colombians unexpectedly reject FARC peace deal
Colombian voters narrowly rejected a peace deal with the South American country’s biggest rebel group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia or FARC (its Spanish acronym). The surprise 50.25 percent to 49.75 percent vote threatened to prolong a 52-year armed conflict that leaders of both the government and FARC had declared over after nearly six years of negotiations. Pre-vote polls had pointed to a win for the deal, with the “yes” vote leading by a two-to-one margin. President Juan Manuel Santos and FARC Commander Rodrigo Londono vowed to keep a ceasefire in place and continue the peace effort.

Source: The Washington Post, The Miami Herald

3. Haiti, Jamaica, and Cuba brace for dangerous hurricane
Haiti, Jamaica, and Cuba braced on Monday for a potentially catastrophic hit from Hurricane Matthew, a slow-moving storm bringing torrential rains and top sustained winds of 130 miles per hour. The western tip of Haiti’s southern peninsula could get as much as 25 inches of rainfall. “This rainfall will produce life-threatening flash floods and mudslides,” the National Weather Service said late Sundaynight. “Preparations to protect life and property should be rushed to completion.” After slamming the western Caribbean islands, Matthew is forecast to head north through the Bahamas off the U.S. East Coast.

Source: The Weather Channel, CNN

4. India ratifies Paris climate deal
India on Sunday ratified the Paris global climate control agreement, committing the world’s third largest greenhouse gas emitter to generating at least 40 percent of its electricity from non-fossil fuels by 2030. The Paris accord, the world’s first comprehensive climate agreement, was agreed to by nearly 200 countries last December. It aims to reduce CO2 emissions, widely considered to be a driving force of human-caused climate change, but will only take effect if at least 55 countries producing a combined 55 percent or more of the world’s carbon emissions sign on. Next week the European Union is expected to wrap up joint ratification of the pact, which would put the deal over the 55 percent threshold.

Source: BBC News

5. Hungarians reject E.U. refugee quotas
Hungarian voters on Sunday overwhelmingly rejected the European Union’s mandatory migrant quotas, the national election office said shortly after polls closed. With nearly all of the ballots counted, 98 percent had voted against the quotas, but the result appeared not to be valid, however, as exit polls indicated that turnout did not reach the required 50 percent. Still, right-wing Prime Minister Viktor Orban said the E.U. “cannot force” Hungary to accept migrants after voters so resoundingly opposed the quotas, under which Hungary would receive 1,294 asylum seekers out of 160,000 migrants the E.U. wants to relocate.

Source: The Associated Press, BBC News

6. New Jersey Transit train black box yields no clues
A recovered black box recorder from a New Jersey Transit train was not working when the train crashed into the Hoboken station last week, killing one woman and injuring more than 100 other people, National Transportation Safety administration vice chair Bella Dinh-Zarr saidSunday. The train’s engineer told investigators that the train was traveling at 10 miles per hour when it entered the station. The engineer said he was fully rested during the trip, but does not remember the impact.

Source: New York Daily News

7. Dozens die in panic at Ethiopia demonstration
Dozens of people were killed in Ethiopia’s Oromia region on Sunday in a panicked stampede sparked when security forces fired tear gas and rubber bullets at protesters during a religious festival. Opposition leaders estimated the death toll at 100; the regional government said 52 people died. The national government only confirmed immediately that “lives were lost,” and said, “Those responsible will face justice.” Police said anti-government protesters had thrown rocks and bottles, but some witnesses said the demonstration was entirely peaceful.

Source: BBC News

8. India amnesty program uncovers $9.8 billion in undeclared income
The Indian government announced over the weekend that an amnesty program had prompted suspected tax dodgers to disclose $9.8 billion in previously undeclared income. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government sent letters to 700,000 suspected tax evaders promising they would not be prosecuted if they came clean about hidden assets, or “black money,” and paid a penalty. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said the government received 64,275 declarations of previously undisclosed wealth over four months.

Source: Reuters

9. Japan’s Yoshinori Ohsumi wins Nobel Prize for medicine
Japanese cell biologist Yoshinori Ohsumi won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday for his discovery of how cells break down and recycle their content, a process known as autophagy. His work could lead to a better understanding of diseases like cancer, Parkinson’s, and type 2 diabetes. “His discoveries opened the path to understanding … many physiological processes, such as in the adaptation to starvation or response to infection,” the Nobel Assembly at Sweden’s Karolinska Institute said. The prize of $933,000 is the first Nobel awarded each year. Ohsumi said he was “extremely honored.”

Source: Reuters

10. U.S. wins Ryder Cup for first time since 2008
The United States won its first Ryder Cup since 2008 on Sunday, defeating Europe 17-11 — the biggest margin of victory since 1981. The final day of play included intense matches between Patrick Reed and Rory McIlroy, and Phil Mickelson and Sergio Garcia. Mickelson and Garcia both shot a 63 with a combined 19 birdies. The Ryder Cup, founded by Samuel Ryder in 1927, is held every two years, and features the best male golfers from the U.S. and Europe in head-to-head match play competition. This year’s cup was held at Hazeltine National Golf Club in Chaska, Minnesota.

Source: CBS Sports

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